What Is a Tattoo Ink Allergy?
A person with a tattoo ink allergy may experience unpleasant side effects to tattoo ink. The tattoo ink itself might trigger an immune response, or an existing skin condition could flare-up. Alternatively, the tattoo could be exposed to too much light, causing irritation.
While tattoo allergies are quite rare, there is a possibility of serious health consequences. The reaction can be seen immediately in some cases but often does not present a reaction until 48 hours or even a few weeks after getting the tattoo. In rare cases, it could happen months later.
Allergic reactions can sometimes be misinterpreted for normal tattoo healing, as individuals will often experience the same symptoms. Skin reactions to tattoo ink can present themselves in a few different ways, which we’ll break down in this article.
Tattoo Allergy Symptoms
It’s important to know the most common indications of a tattoo allergy, just in case you have a reaction to tattoo ink. That way, you’ll be prepared to address any issues right away — keep in mind that most people don’t experience an allergic reaction.
Potential signs of a tattoo allergy include the following:
- Red and itchy
- A tattoo rash
- Localized swelling and redness
- Flaky or scaly skin
- Small blisters or pustules with oozing, itchiness, and irritation
Take action right away if you experience an allergic reaction to tattoo ink. Treatment by a doctor could be necessary. It may also be helpful to talk with your tattoo artist, who could provide more information about the ingredients in the ink.
If your tattoo allergy warrants tattoo removal, please contact a tattoo removal specialist with any concerns. While the professionals at Removery do not treat removal for tattoo allergies, we can use our clinical background and experience to help provide you with the right questions to ask when speaking with your dermatologist.
Tattoo Ink Colors That Cause Allergic Reactions
If the body has an allergic reaction to a tattoo, it’s often caused by a particular color of tattoo ink. You might see irritation occurring in specific areas of the tattoo where that color of ink lives.
Red Tattoo Ink Allergy
It is especially important to keep allergic reactions in mind when getting a tattoo with red ink. Irritation caused by red ink is the most common type of tattoo allergy. Many red tattoo inks have iodine in them, which causes sensitivity in many individuals.
Yellow Tattoo Ink Allergy
Yellow ink is another common culprit. A yellow tattoo can also have increased sensitivity to sunlight, so make sure you keep it protected from UV rays. The sensitivity may decrease over time.
Black Tattoo Ink Allergy
The carbon-based pigments commonly found in black tattoo ink can also cause an allergic reaction in some people. These pigment particles may be more prone to breaking down over time than other colors, potentially causing issues.
Blue Tattoo Ink Allergy
Like many other ink colors, blue tattoo ink is often made from minerals. For blue tattoo ink, common ingredients such as sodium, aluminum, silicate, or azurite in rare cases can cause a tattoo allergy.
Other Color Ink Allergies
While certain colors are more commonly associated with adverse reactions, every color of ink has the possibility of causing allergic reactions. Each color of the ink may contain various different ingredients that could trigger a reaction in certain individuals.
If you are concerned about the possibility of an adverse reaction from tattoo ink, consult with your tattoo artist to get a list of ingredients in the ink. Then contact your dermatologist to determine if any of the ingredients are high-risk factors for a tattoo allergy.
Some tattoo artists will even offer to do a test spot behind the ear to see if you have a reaction. If you are doing patch testing beforehand, it is best to wait a week since allergic reactions may not appear immediately.
What to Do If You Think You’re Having an Allergic Reaction to Tattoo Ink
If you suspect an allergic reaction has occurred, see a dermatologist immediately to get a diagnosis. Your dermatologist may find it helpful if you look up the type of ink used and the compounds in it via the ink manufacturer’s Material Safety Data Sheets. While all inks pose a small allergy risk, the SDS may be a good place to start when identifying your allergy.
What is a material safety data sheet and how do I read it?
A Safety Data Sheet (SDS) or Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) is a legally required series of documents that all manufacturers (including tattoo ink companies) must produce if they use chemical compounds. If a chemical produces a hazard to health and safety, you will find this information in the MSDS. An MSDS includes information about each chemical, covering the physical and environmental hazards, precautions for safe handling, storage, and transportation of the chemical, and more.
How is this relevant if I have a tattoo ink allergy?
If you have a tattoo ink allergy, it’s important to familiarise yourself with the following sections. Section 11 covers toxicological and health effects and Section 15 of the SDS covers safety, health, and environmental regulations specific to the product.